Reached number four in the UK Singles Chart and number one in Canada. It also received moderate airplay from US modern rock stations peaking at number fourteen on the Hot Modern Rock Tracks chart and was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Rock Performance, making it the band's most successful single on the radio since 'Optimistic' in 2000.

'There there' is described by the band as heavily indebted to the band Can, whose songs Radiohead have also covered. Co-produced by Radiohead and Nigel Godrich, the track apparently made lead singer Thom Yorke burst into tears when he heard it in its completed, mixed and mastered state.

The alternate title for the song as listed on the track listing for the album is 'The Boney King of Nowhere'. This is apparently in reference to an episode of the British children's television show Bagpuss, of which Yorke and his young son are professed fans.

A Bagpuss-inspired music video was filmed for 'There There'. Directed by Chris Hopewell, the music video shows singer Thom Yorke enter a forest and find many creatures involved in human-like activities, like a pair of cats getting married, two squirrels sitting by a fireplace and smoking pipes, etc. He goes from one scene to another, each one increasing in luminosity. Finally, he arrives at a clearing where a golden jacket hangs from a tree. He puts the jacket on and also a pair of golden shoes hidden inside the tree. Doing so, he awakens the crows, who chase and attack him. The shoes appear to give him extra speed, but become tangled on the ground. When the shoes fall off his feet, his feet turn to tree roots upon touching the ground, followed by the rest of his body which turns into wood. Yorke becomes a tree in which the crows rest on the branches.
The video was filmed at one-quarter regular speed; it looks jumpy, as if some of the frames are missing. The video received an award for art direction at the 2003 MTV Video Music Awards.